displaying: http://feeds.feedburner.com/wikileaksisdemocracy/Vgoq

Wikileaksisdemocracy
Unlocking the cause of UTI-induced delirium
Film You Are Not Alone Successful World Premiere at JAFF 2021 : Okezone Celebrity
Alpine skiing: Speed ??women plan to take a step forward
Never-before-seen state of matter: Quantum spin liquids
Headwater refuges: Combined effect of drought and fire on stream communities
Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders
Sex, Lies and Chadia, on Discovery + we talk about sex (but only between women)
Jennifer Lopez?s jean shorts perfect to highlight the waist
Baby falls asleep at the breast: what to do?
High-speed holography of cells spots physical beacons of disease

MagpieRSS Object
(
    [parser] => Resource id #10
    [current_item] => Array
        (
        )

    [items] => Array
        (
            [0] => Array
                (
                    [title] => Unlocking the cause of UTI-induced delirium
                    [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/unlocking-the-cause-of-uti-induced-delirium/
                    [dc] => Array
                        (
                            [creator] => Tony Grantly
                        )

                    [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 18:44:19 +0000
                    [category] => Health And SciencedeliriumUnlockingUTIinduced
                    [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5065
                    [description] => Journal Reference: Mohammad Harun Rashid, Nicklaus A. Sparrow, Faizan Anwar, Gena Guidry, Ambart E. Covarrubias, Haoming Pang, Chandrakumar Bogguri, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Shouri Lahiri. Interleukin-6 mediates delirium-like phenotypes in a murine model of urinary tract infection. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2021; 18 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12974-021-02304-x Older women are among the most susceptible to developing UTIs, an ... Read more
                    [content] => Array
                        (
                            [encoded] => 

Journal Reference:

  1. Mohammad Harun Rashid, Nicklaus A. Sparrow, Faizan Anwar, Gena Guidry, Ambart E. Covarrubias, Haoming Pang, Chandrakumar Bogguri, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Shouri Lahiri. Interleukin-6 mediates delirium-like phenotypes in a murine model of urinary tract infection. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2021; 18 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12974-021-02304-x

Older women are among the most susceptible to developing UTIs, an infection of the bladder and urethra that causes urinary urgency and pain. UTIs also can cause delirium in older people, resulting in a sharp decline in mental abilities that triggers disoriented thinking.

?Up to one-third of elderly patients hospitalized with UTIs can experience some degree of confusion and reduced awareness of their surroundings,? said Shouri Lahiri, MD, director of the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit and Neurocritical Care Research at Cedars-Sinai and senior author of the study. ?Delirium affects millions of patients a year in the U.S., contributing to longer hospital stays, long-term cognitive problems and increased mortality. Delirium can be a tipping point from which patients never fully recover. This is well established. What is less well established is why this is happening.?

To better understand the specific biological mechanisms behind UTI-associated delirium, Lahiri and colleagues observed laboratory mice with and without UTIs in specially designed mazes. In an arena where the animals could move about freely, uninfected mice spent more time in the center of the chamber. Those with UTIs huddled in the periphery, suggesting they had higher levels of anxiety, a common symptom of delirium.

In a Y-shaped maze with three arms to explore, uninfected mice tended to explore all three arms, while mice with UTIs kept returning to the same one, suggesting a lapse in short-term memory, another feature of delirium.

The investigators also observed structural changes in the brains of mice with UTIs.

In a previous study led by Lahiri, published in February in the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, investigators found a connection between ventilator-induced lung injury and delirium. Lahiri and colleagues theorized that in both cases this was because of the reaction of IL-6, which helps regulate immune response, to the lung injury or the UTI.

?Occasionally, when the response of IL-6 is excessive, our research indicates that there can be brain injury,? Lahiri said. ?IL-6 induces changes within the neurons that our studies connected with delirium-like behavior. This is the first time this type of structural and functional change has been demonstrated. We?ve now shown two distinct models of this connection, one non-infectious and one infectious.?

In the current study, when investigators treated some of the infected mice with antibodies that blocked the effects of IL-6, the delirium-like behavior of those animals resolved. ?Treatment with anti-IL-6 antibody in the UTI group normalized all the brain changes, both structural and functional,? Lahiri said. ?A wealth of studies have shown a link between IL-6 and delirium, but only this study and our previous study have shown that IL-6 may play a direct pathological role in delirium.?

If symptoms are treated early, he added, full recovery is possible, and the next step is to design clinical trials with anti-IL-6 antibodies as a treatment for patients with UTI-induced delirium.

?Dr. Lahiri and his team have built a research framework with implications far beyond this study,? said Nancy Sicotte, MD, chair of the Department of Neurology who holds the Women?s Guild Distinguished Chair in Neurology at Cedars-Sinai. ?Building on these efforts could improve outcomes for many of our patients.?

Lahiri believes the model he and co-investigators created could be used to study delirium in other conditions associated with increased incidence of UTI. These include those with pre-existing neurologic disorders like Alzheimer?s disease, Parkinson?s disease, stroke and multiple sclerosis where delirium can be hard to distinguish from the underlying disease but is important to treat.

?A huge population stands to benefit from these investigations,? he said. ?We?re looking to apply this model to these other systemic disease conditions and states where the brain dysfunction caused is potentially reversible.?

We would love to give thanks to the author of this article for this remarkable content

Unlocking the cause of UTI-induced delirium

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Mohammad Harun Rashid, Nicklaus A. Sparrow, Faizan Anwar, Gena Guidry, Ambart E. Covarrubias, Haoming Pang, Chandrakumar Bogguri, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Shouri Lahiri. Interleukin-6 mediates delirium-like phenotypes in a murine model of urinary tract infection. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2021; 18 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12974-021-02304-x Older women are among the most susceptible to developing UTIs, an ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Mohammad Harun Rashid, Nicklaus A. Sparrow, Faizan Anwar, Gena Guidry, Ambart E. Covarrubias, Haoming Pang, Chandrakumar Bogguri, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Shouri Lahiri. Interleukin-6 mediates delirium-like phenotypes in a murine model of urinary tract infection. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2021; 18 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12974-021-02304-x

Older women are among the most susceptible to developing UTIs, an infection of the bladder and urethra that causes urinary urgency and pain. UTIs also can cause delirium in older people, resulting in a sharp decline in mental abilities that triggers disoriented thinking.

?Up to one-third of elderly patients hospitalized with UTIs can experience some degree of confusion and reduced awareness of their surroundings,? said Shouri Lahiri, MD, director of the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit and Neurocritical Care Research at Cedars-Sinai and senior author of the study. ?Delirium affects millions of patients a year in the U.S., contributing to longer hospital stays, long-term cognitive problems and increased mortality. Delirium can be a tipping point from which patients never fully recover. This is well established. What is less well established is why this is happening.?

To better understand the specific biological mechanisms behind UTI-associated delirium, Lahiri and colleagues observed laboratory mice with and without UTIs in specially designed mazes. In an arena where the animals could move about freely, uninfected mice spent more time in the center of the chamber. Those with UTIs huddled in the periphery, suggesting they had higher levels of anxiety, a common symptom of delirium.

In a Y-shaped maze with three arms to explore, uninfected mice tended to explore all three arms, while mice with UTIs kept returning to the same one, suggesting a lapse in short-term memory, another feature of delirium.

The investigators also observed structural changes in the brains of mice with UTIs.

In a previous study led by Lahiri, published in February in the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, investigators found a connection between ventilator-induced lung injury and delirium. Lahiri and colleagues theorized that in both cases this was because of the reaction of IL-6, which helps regulate immune response, to the lung injury or the UTI.

?Occasionally, when the response of IL-6 is excessive, our research indicates that there can be brain injury,? Lahiri said. ?IL-6 induces changes within the neurons that our studies connected with delirium-like behavior. This is the first time this type of structural and functional change has been demonstrated. We?ve now shown two distinct models of this connection, one non-infectious and one infectious.?

In the current study, when investigators treated some of the infected mice with antibodies that blocked the effects of IL-6, the delirium-like behavior of those animals resolved. ?Treatment with anti-IL-6 antibody in the UTI group normalized all the brain changes, both structural and functional,? Lahiri said. ?A wealth of studies have shown a link between IL-6 and delirium, but only this study and our previous study have shown that IL-6 may play a direct pathological role in delirium.?

If symptoms are treated early, he added, full recovery is possible, and the next step is to design clinical trials with anti-IL-6 antibodies as a treatment for patients with UTI-induced delirium.

?Dr. Lahiri and his team have built a research framework with implications far beyond this study,? said Nancy Sicotte, MD, chair of the Department of Neurology who holds the Women?s Guild Distinguished Chair in Neurology at Cedars-Sinai. ?Building on these efforts could improve outcomes for many of our patients.?

Lahiri believes the model he and co-investigators created could be used to study delirium in other conditions associated with increased incidence of UTI. These include those with pre-existing neurologic disorders like Alzheimer?s disease, Parkinson?s disease, stroke and multiple sclerosis where delirium can be hard to distinguish from the underlying disease but is important to treat.

?A huge population stands to benefit from these investigations,? he said. ?We?re looking to apply this model to these other systemic disease conditions and states where the brain dysfunction caused is potentially reversible.?

We would love to give thanks to the author of this article for this remarkable content

Unlocking the cause of UTI-induced delirium

[date_timestamp] => 1638557059 ) [1] => Array ( [title] => Film You Are Not Alone Successful World Premiere at JAFF 2021 : Okezone Celebrity [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/film-you-are-not-alone-successful-world-premiere-at-jaff-2021-okezone-celebrity/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Sally Center ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 18:25:51 +0000 [category] => ShowsCelebrityfilmJAFFOkezonepremieresuccessful [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5059 [description] => JAKARTA – Film You are not alone the production house of MNC Pictures, the largest production house in Indonesia, has entered the official selection of the Jogjakarta Netpac Asian Film Festival. JAFF is a prestigious international film festival that has been held every year since 2006 in Jogjakarta, this time being held for the 16th ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

JAKARTA – Film You are not alone the production house of MNC Pictures, the largest production house in Indonesia, has entered the official selection of the Jogjakarta Netpac Asian Film Festival. JAFF is a prestigious international film festival that has been held every year since 2006 in Jogjakarta, this time being held for the 16th time on 27 November – 4 December 2021. This festival presents selected cinemas from countries in Asia, especially Indonesia.

Through JAFF 2021, the film You Are Not Alone will premiere on December 3, 2021, at the Empire XXI Yogyakarta cinema.

Also Read:

Lukman Sardi’s Struggle to Complete Filming You’re Not Alone, Was Stagnant at the Beginning of the Pandemic

Synopsis You Are Not Alone, MNC Pictures Production Film

?When we entered the 16th JAFF official selection, we were very enthusiastic and felt an honor in itself, because JAFF is a prestigious event for Indonesian and even international filmmakers. We use this special opportunity for the World Premiere of the film ‘You Are Not Alone’, the KTS film itself has a strong moral message, it can be an inspiration for JAFF audiences and the public in general.? said Titan Hermawan, President Director of PT MNC Pictures.

A suspense drama genre film directed by Arwin Wardhana, a talented young director with a range of directing experience, supported by Yadi Sugandi, one of the Best Indonesian Cinematographers. Your Story is Not Alone, very well written by Titien Wattimena, one of the leading writers with a portfolio of Indonesian Box Office film scenarios.

The collaboration of the best Indonesian film makers is the key that the film You Are Not Alone must be watched by Indonesian film lovers.

Through the character of Mira, played very well by Adinia Wirasti, we are all reminded of human nature as social creatures, which is impossible to survive without the help of others. Mira gets a very valuable life lesson when trapped in an elevator, through interactions with the characters Mika (Ganindra Bimo) and Adi (Rio Dewanto).

The presence of these top 3 film stars makes the film You Are Not Alone, very worthy of anticipation by fans and film lovers from various walks of life. The film You Are Not Alone, which is full of moral messages, is expected to be an inspiration for drama film lovers in Indonesian cinemas.

Title: YOU’RE NOT ALONE

Director : Arwin Wardhana

Script writer : Titien Wattimena

Creative Producer : Lukman Sardi

Director of Photography: Yadi Sugandi

THE MAIN CHARACTER:

Adinia Wirasti as Mira

Rio Dewanto as Adrian

Ganindra Bimo as Mika

SUPPORTING STARS:

Lukman Sardi as Yusuf Security

Ayu Diah Pasha as Nuraini

Aisyah Aqillah As Azizah

Yayu Unru as Majid

Giselle Tambunan As Dinda

Sintya Marisca As Sari

Raya Adena Syah As Little Mira

Jordan Haag as Mr. Rigel

Yama Carlos As Mira’s Father

Theme Song: Nice Friday (Never Come Back)

We would love to thank the author of this article for this incredible material

Film You Are Not Alone Successful World Premiere at JAFF 2021 : Okezone Celebrity

) [summary] => JAKARTA – Film You are not alone the production house of MNC Pictures, the largest production house in Indonesia, has entered the official selection of the Jogjakarta Netpac Asian Film Festival. JAFF is a prestigious international film festival that has been held every year since 2006 in Jogjakarta, this time being held for the 16th ... Read more [atom_content] =>

JAKARTA – Film You are not alone the production house of MNC Pictures, the largest production house in Indonesia, has entered the official selection of the Jogjakarta Netpac Asian Film Festival. JAFF is a prestigious international film festival that has been held every year since 2006 in Jogjakarta, this time being held for the 16th time on 27 November – 4 December 2021. This festival presents selected cinemas from countries in Asia, especially Indonesia.

Through JAFF 2021, the film You Are Not Alone will premiere on December 3, 2021, at the Empire XXI Yogyakarta cinema.

Also Read:

Lukman Sardi’s Struggle to Complete Filming You’re Not Alone, Was Stagnant at the Beginning of the Pandemic

Synopsis You Are Not Alone, MNC Pictures Production Film

?When we entered the 16th JAFF official selection, we were very enthusiastic and felt an honor in itself, because JAFF is a prestigious event for Indonesian and even international filmmakers. We use this special opportunity for the World Premiere of the film ‘You Are Not Alone’, the KTS film itself has a strong moral message, it can be an inspiration for JAFF audiences and the public in general.? said Titan Hermawan, President Director of PT MNC Pictures.

A suspense drama genre film directed by Arwin Wardhana, a talented young director with a range of directing experience, supported by Yadi Sugandi, one of the Best Indonesian Cinematographers. Your Story is Not Alone, very well written by Titien Wattimena, one of the leading writers with a portfolio of Indonesian Box Office film scenarios.

The collaboration of the best Indonesian film makers is the key that the film You Are Not Alone must be watched by Indonesian film lovers.

Through the character of Mira, played very well by Adinia Wirasti, we are all reminded of human nature as social creatures, which is impossible to survive without the help of others. Mira gets a very valuable life lesson when trapped in an elevator, through interactions with the characters Mika (Ganindra Bimo) and Adi (Rio Dewanto).

The presence of these top 3 film stars makes the film You Are Not Alone, very worthy of anticipation by fans and film lovers from various walks of life. The film You Are Not Alone, which is full of moral messages, is expected to be an inspiration for drama film lovers in Indonesian cinemas.

Title: YOU’RE NOT ALONE

Director : Arwin Wardhana

Script writer : Titien Wattimena

Creative Producer : Lukman Sardi

Director of Photography: Yadi Sugandi

THE MAIN CHARACTER:

Adinia Wirasti as Mira

Rio Dewanto as Adrian

Ganindra Bimo as Mika

SUPPORTING STARS:

Lukman Sardi as Yusuf Security

Ayu Diah Pasha as Nuraini

Aisyah Aqillah As Azizah

Yayu Unru as Majid

Giselle Tambunan As Dinda

Sintya Marisca As Sari

Raya Adena Syah As Little Mira

Jordan Haag as Mr. Rigel

Yama Carlos As Mira’s Father

Theme Song: Nice Friday (Never Come Back)

We would love to thank the author of this article for this incredible material

Film You Are Not Alone Successful World Premiere at JAFF 2021 : Okezone Celebrity

[date_timestamp] => 1638555951 ) [2] => Array ( [title] => Alpine skiing: Speed ??women plan to take a step forward [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/alpine-skiing-speed-%e2%80%8b%e2%80%8bwomen-plan-to-take-a-step-forward/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tim Hall ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 18:20:02 +0000 [category] => SportAlpineplanskiingspeedstepwomen [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5053 [description] => As with men, the great unknown is the weather. For the men, only one of three races could be held after fresh snow and wind made further races in Lake Louise impossible. Even before the women’s races, it was snowing again in the Canadian Rockies. The training planned for Wednesday was therefore also canceled. However, ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

As with men, the great unknown is the weather. For the men, only one of three races could be held after fresh snow and wind made further races in Lake Louise impossible. Even before the women’s races, it was snowing again in the Canadian Rockies. The training planned for Wednesday was therefore also canceled. However, an improvement in the weather is forecast for the weekend on which, in addition to the race on Friday, another downhill run on Saturday (8.30 p.m.) and a Super-G on Sunday (6.30 p.m.) are on the program.

In the Austrian camp, the motivation to imitate the men who celebrated a double victory in the only downhill run on Saturday by Matthias Mayer and Vincent Kriechmayr is great. Tippler in particular is hoping for a further step forward in the Olympic season, the conditions are right. “I have my seven things together, the material fits, I trained really well,” emphasized the Styrian who, like Siebenhofer, once finished second on the World Cup podium in the preseason.

Downhill training for the ladies in Lake Louise

When visibility was poor and the slope conditions were difficult, the ski women completed their first downhill training in Lake Louise. The Austrians held back elegantly, Christina Ager was the best in eighth place.

Routine keeps nerves in check

In the past, Tippler’s nervous system in particular often made life difficult by literally starting to flutter at the wrong time. After ten seasons in the World Cup, however, the speed specialist feels ready for stressful situations. ?I’ve certainly thrown away my nerves once before, then the tears flow too. I am an emotional person, but I have learned to deal with it better and to find my center more quickly on the track. I try to trust my skiing and that is very good, ?said Tippler.

She can now cope better with failed days of skiing such as the training sessions on Wednesday and Thursday. ?I certainly already have the necessary experience. The trainers also say you can do it with less training, ?said the Styrian. Because she can rely on the build-up work she has done with lots of good training sessions and her fitness, said Tippler, and also referred to the extremely good atmosphere in the Austrian team.

Schmidhofer celebrates comeback

Nicole Schmidhofer can experience this again after her serious knee injury. The 2017 Super-G world champion is somewhat surprisingly returning to racing in Lake Louise. ?I’ll try it until the end,? Schmidhofer had recently announced. In the only test run on Tuesday, she was more than five seconds behind. On Wednesday and Thursday, bad weather and warm weather caused training to be canceled. Improvement is in sight at the weekend.

She is very happy to be back in the World Cup circus, although her perspective has changed due to the story of suffering. ?That was an intense year, it shaped me a lot, but it will help me a lot. The joke runs, that’s very important, but you see certain things differently. ?As a reminder of the formative time, Schmidhofer carries a washer removed from her injured knee as a lucky charm.

Favorites are called differently

It was Schmidhofer who two years ago in Lake Louise provided the last downhill win for the ÖSV women to date. Nina Ortlieb is also missing the injured runner who clinched the last Austrian speed victory in the La Thuile Super-G at the end of February 2020. In their absence, Tippler, Siebenhofer and Co. are probably just outsiders in the fight for victory in both planned downhill runs and in the Super-G on Sunday.

Downhill ball winner Sofia Goggia and world champion Corinne Suter are the favorites. Ester Ledecka will also have to be taken into account again. While Super-G world champion Lara Gut-Behrami is struggling with a stubborn cold, overall World Cup title holder Petra Vlhova is not at the start in Canada. On the other hand, Mikaela Shiffrin, who leads the Slovakian in the overall standings, competes.

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this post for this incredible web content

Alpine skiing: Speed ??women plan to take a step forward

) [summary] => As with men, the great unknown is the weather. For the men, only one of three races could be held after fresh snow and wind made further races in Lake Louise impossible. Even before the women’s races, it was snowing again in the Canadian Rockies. The training planned for Wednesday was therefore also canceled. However, ... Read more [atom_content] =>

As with men, the great unknown is the weather. For the men, only one of three races could be held after fresh snow and wind made further races in Lake Louise impossible. Even before the women’s races, it was snowing again in the Canadian Rockies. The training planned for Wednesday was therefore also canceled. However, an improvement in the weather is forecast for the weekend on which, in addition to the race on Friday, another downhill run on Saturday (8.30 p.m.) and a Super-G on Sunday (6.30 p.m.) are on the program.

In the Austrian camp, the motivation to imitate the men who celebrated a double victory in the only downhill run on Saturday by Matthias Mayer and Vincent Kriechmayr is great. Tippler in particular is hoping for a further step forward in the Olympic season, the conditions are right. “I have my seven things together, the material fits, I trained really well,” emphasized the Styrian who, like Siebenhofer, once finished second on the World Cup podium in the preseason.

Downhill training for the ladies in Lake Louise

When visibility was poor and the slope conditions were difficult, the ski women completed their first downhill training in Lake Louise. The Austrians held back elegantly, Christina Ager was the best in eighth place.

Routine keeps nerves in check

In the past, Tippler’s nervous system in particular often made life difficult by literally starting to flutter at the wrong time. After ten seasons in the World Cup, however, the speed specialist feels ready for stressful situations. ?I’ve certainly thrown away my nerves once before, then the tears flow too. I am an emotional person, but I have learned to deal with it better and to find my center more quickly on the track. I try to trust my skiing and that is very good, ?said Tippler.

She can now cope better with failed days of skiing such as the training sessions on Wednesday and Thursday. ?I certainly already have the necessary experience. The trainers also say you can do it with less training, ?said the Styrian. Because she can rely on the build-up work she has done with lots of good training sessions and her fitness, said Tippler, and also referred to the extremely good atmosphere in the Austrian team.

Schmidhofer celebrates comeback

Nicole Schmidhofer can experience this again after her serious knee injury. The 2017 Super-G world champion is somewhat surprisingly returning to racing in Lake Louise. ?I’ll try it until the end,? Schmidhofer had recently announced. In the only test run on Tuesday, she was more than five seconds behind. On Wednesday and Thursday, bad weather and warm weather caused training to be canceled. Improvement is in sight at the weekend.

She is very happy to be back in the World Cup circus, although her perspective has changed due to the story of suffering. ?That was an intense year, it shaped me a lot, but it will help me a lot. The joke runs, that’s very important, but you see certain things differently. ?As a reminder of the formative time, Schmidhofer carries a washer removed from her injured knee as a lucky charm.

Favorites are called differently

It was Schmidhofer who two years ago in Lake Louise provided the last downhill win for the ÖSV women to date. Nina Ortlieb is also missing the injured runner who clinched the last Austrian speed victory in the La Thuile Super-G at the end of February 2020. In their absence, Tippler, Siebenhofer and Co. are probably just outsiders in the fight for victory in both planned downhill runs and in the Super-G on Sunday.

Downhill ball winner Sofia Goggia and world champion Corinne Suter are the favorites. Ester Ledecka will also have to be taken into account again. While Super-G world champion Lara Gut-Behrami is struggling with a stubborn cold, overall World Cup title holder Petra Vlhova is not at the start in Canada. On the other hand, Mikaela Shiffrin, who leads the Slovakian in the overall standings, competes.

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this post for this incredible web content

Alpine skiing: Speed ??women plan to take a step forward

[date_timestamp] => 1638555602 ) [3] => Array ( [title] => Never-before-seen state of matter: Quantum spin liquids [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/never-before-seen-state-of-matter-quantum-spin-liquids/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 17:27:07 +0000 [category] => Health And ScienceliquidsmatterNeverbeforeseenquantumspin [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5048 [description] => Journal Reference: G. Semeghini, H. Levine, A. Keesling, S. Ebadi, T. T. Wang, D. Bluvstein, R. Verresen, H. Pichler, M. Kalinowski, R. Samajdar, A. Omran, S. Sachdev, A. Vishwanath, M. Greiner, V. Vuleti?, M. D. Lukin. Probing topological spin liquids on a programmable quantum simulator. Science, 2021; 374 (6572): 1242 DOI: 10.1126/science.abi8794 This bizarre state ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. G. Semeghini, H. Levine, A. Keesling, S. Ebadi, T. T. Wang, D. Bluvstein, R. Verresen, H. Pichler, M. Kalinowski, R. Samajdar, A. Omran, S. Sachdev, A. Vishwanath, M. Greiner, V. Vuleti?, M. D. Lukin. Probing topological spin liquids on a programmable quantum simulator. Science, 2021; 374 (6572): 1242 DOI: 10.1126/science.abi8794

This bizarre state of matter is called a quantum spin liquid and, contrary to the name, has nothing to do with everyday liquids like water. Instead, it?s all about magnets that never freeze and the way electrons in them spin. In regular magnets, when the temperature drops below a certain temperature, the electrons stabilize and form a solid piece of matter with magnetic properties. In quantum spin liquid, the electrons don?t stabilize when cooled, don?t form into a solid, and are constantly changing and fluctuating (like a liquid) in one of the most entangled quantum states ever conceived.

The different properties of quantum spin liquids have promising applications that can be used to advance quantum technologies such as high-temperature superconductors and quantum computers. But the problem about this state of matter has been its very existence. No one had ever seen it ? at least, that had been the case for almost 50 years.

Today, a team of Harvard-led physicists said they have finally experimentally documented this long sought-after exotic state of matter. The work is described in a new study in the journal Science and marks a big step toward being able to produce this elusive state on demand and to gain a novel understanding of its mysterious nature.

?It is a very special moment in the field ,? said Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics, co-director of the Harvard Quantum Initiative (HQI), and one of the senior authors of the study. ?You can really touch, poke, and prod at this exotic state and manipulate it to understand its properties. ?It?s a new state of matter that people have never been able to observe.?

The learnings from this science research could one day provide advancements for designing better quantum materials and technology. More specifically, the exotic properties from quantum spin liquids could hold the key to creating more robust quantum bits ? known as topological qubits ? that are expected to be resistant to noise and external interference.

?That is a dream in quantum computation,? said Giulia Semeghini, a postdoctoral fellow in the Harvard-Max Planck Quantum Optics Center and lead author of the study. ?Learning how to create and use such topological qubits would represent a major step toward the realization of reliable quantum computers.?

The research team set out to observe this liquid-like state of matter using the programmable quantum simulator the lab originally developed in 2017. The simulator is a special kind of quantum computer that allows the researchers to create programmable shapes like squares, honeycombs, or triangular lattices to engineer different interactions and entanglements between ultracold atoms. It is used to study a host of complex quantum processes.

The idea of using the quantum simulator is to be able to reproduce the same microscopic physics found in condensed matter systems, especially with the freedom that the programmability of the system allows.

?You can move the atoms apart as far as you want, you can change the frequency of the laser light, you can really change the parameters of nature in a way that you couldn?t in the material where these things are studied earlier,? said study co-author Subir Sachdev, the Herchel Smith Professor of Physics and current Maureen and John Hendricks Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study. ?Here, you can look at each atom and see what it?s doing.?

In conventional magnets, electron spins point up or down in some regular pattern. In the everyday refrigerator magnet, for example, the spins all point toward the same direction. This happens because the spins usually work in a checker box pattern and can pair so that they can point in the same direction or alternating ones, keeping a certain order.

Quantum spin liquids display none of that magnetic order. This happens because, essentially, there is a third spin added, turning the checker box pattern to a triangular pattern. While a pair can always stabilize in one direction or another, in a triangle, the third spin will always be the odd electron out. This makes for a ?frustrated? magnet where the electron spins can?t stabilize in a single direction.

?Essentially, they?re in different configurations at the same time with certain probability,? Semeghini said. ?This is the basis for quantum superposition.?

The Harvard scientists used the simulator to create their own frustrated lattice pattern, placing the atoms there to interact and entangle. The researchers were then able to measure and analyze the strings that connected the atoms after the whole structure entangled. The presence and analysis of those strings, which are called topological strings, signified that quantum correlations were happening and that the quantum spin liquid state of matter had emerged.

The work builds on earlier theoretical predictions of Sachdev and his graduate student, Rhine Samajdar, and on a specific proposal by Ashvin Vishwanah, a Harvard professor of physics, and Ruben Verresen, an HQI postdoctoral fellow. The experiment was done in collaboration with the lab of Markus Griener, co-director of the Max Planck-Harvard Research Center for Quantum Optics and George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics, and scientists from the University of Innsbruck and QuEra Computing in Boston.

?The back-and-forth between theory and experiment is extremely stimulating,? said Verresen. ?It was a beautiful moment when the snapshot of the atoms was taken and the anticipated dimer configuration stared us in the face. It is safe to say that we did not expect our proposal to be realized in a matter of months.?

After confirming the presence of quantum spin liquids, the researchers turned to the possible application of this state of matter to creating the robust qubits. They performed a proof-of-concept test that showed it may one day be possible to create these quantum bits by putting the quantum spin liquids in a special geometrical array using the simulator.

The researchers plan to use the programable quantum simulator to continue to investigate quantum spin liquids and how they can be used to create the more robust qubits. Qubits, after all, are the fundamental building blocks on which quantum computers run and the source of their massive processing power.

?We show the very first steps on how to create this topological qubit, but we still need to demonstrate how you can actually encode it and manipulate it,? Semeghini said. ?There?s now a lot more to explore.?

We want to give thanks to the author of this write-up for this incredible web content

Never-before-seen state of matter: Quantum spin liquids

) [summary] => Journal Reference: G. Semeghini, H. Levine, A. Keesling, S. Ebadi, T. T. Wang, D. Bluvstein, R. Verresen, H. Pichler, M. Kalinowski, R. Samajdar, A. Omran, S. Sachdev, A. Vishwanath, M. Greiner, V. Vuleti?, M. D. Lukin. Probing topological spin liquids on a programmable quantum simulator. Science, 2021; 374 (6572): 1242 DOI: 10.1126/science.abi8794 This bizarre state ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. G. Semeghini, H. Levine, A. Keesling, S. Ebadi, T. T. Wang, D. Bluvstein, R. Verresen, H. Pichler, M. Kalinowski, R. Samajdar, A. Omran, S. Sachdev, A. Vishwanath, M. Greiner, V. Vuleti?, M. D. Lukin. Probing topological spin liquids on a programmable quantum simulator. Science, 2021; 374 (6572): 1242 DOI: 10.1126/science.abi8794

This bizarre state of matter is called a quantum spin liquid and, contrary to the name, has nothing to do with everyday liquids like water. Instead, it?s all about magnets that never freeze and the way electrons in them spin. In regular magnets, when the temperature drops below a certain temperature, the electrons stabilize and form a solid piece of matter with magnetic properties. In quantum spin liquid, the electrons don?t stabilize when cooled, don?t form into a solid, and are constantly changing and fluctuating (like a liquid) in one of the most entangled quantum states ever conceived.

The different properties of quantum spin liquids have promising applications that can be used to advance quantum technologies such as high-temperature superconductors and quantum computers. But the problem about this state of matter has been its very existence. No one had ever seen it ? at least, that had been the case for almost 50 years.

Today, a team of Harvard-led physicists said they have finally experimentally documented this long sought-after exotic state of matter. The work is described in a new study in the journal Science and marks a big step toward being able to produce this elusive state on demand and to gain a novel understanding of its mysterious nature.

?It is a very special moment in the field ,? said Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics, co-director of the Harvard Quantum Initiative (HQI), and one of the senior authors of the study. ?You can really touch, poke, and prod at this exotic state and manipulate it to understand its properties. ?It?s a new state of matter that people have never been able to observe.?

The learnings from this science research could one day provide advancements for designing better quantum materials and technology. More specifically, the exotic properties from quantum spin liquids could hold the key to creating more robust quantum bits ? known as topological qubits ? that are expected to be resistant to noise and external interference.

?That is a dream in quantum computation,? said Giulia Semeghini, a postdoctoral fellow in the Harvard-Max Planck Quantum Optics Center and lead author of the study. ?Learning how to create and use such topological qubits would represent a major step toward the realization of reliable quantum computers.?

The research team set out to observe this liquid-like state of matter using the programmable quantum simulator the lab originally developed in 2017. The simulator is a special kind of quantum computer that allows the researchers to create programmable shapes like squares, honeycombs, or triangular lattices to engineer different interactions and entanglements between ultracold atoms. It is used to study a host of complex quantum processes.

The idea of using the quantum simulator is to be able to reproduce the same microscopic physics found in condensed matter systems, especially with the freedom that the programmability of the system allows.

?You can move the atoms apart as far as you want, you can change the frequency of the laser light, you can really change the parameters of nature in a way that you couldn?t in the material where these things are studied earlier,? said study co-author Subir Sachdev, the Herchel Smith Professor of Physics and current Maureen and John Hendricks Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study. ?Here, you can look at each atom and see what it?s doing.?

In conventional magnets, electron spins point up or down in some regular pattern. In the everyday refrigerator magnet, for example, the spins all point toward the same direction. This happens because the spins usually work in a checker box pattern and can pair so that they can point in the same direction or alternating ones, keeping a certain order.

Quantum spin liquids display none of that magnetic order. This happens because, essentially, there is a third spin added, turning the checker box pattern to a triangular pattern. While a pair can always stabilize in one direction or another, in a triangle, the third spin will always be the odd electron out. This makes for a ?frustrated? magnet where the electron spins can?t stabilize in a single direction.

?Essentially, they?re in different configurations at the same time with certain probability,? Semeghini said. ?This is the basis for quantum superposition.?

The Harvard scientists used the simulator to create their own frustrated lattice pattern, placing the atoms there to interact and entangle. The researchers were then able to measure and analyze the strings that connected the atoms after the whole structure entangled. The presence and analysis of those strings, which are called topological strings, signified that quantum correlations were happening and that the quantum spin liquid state of matter had emerged.

The work builds on earlier theoretical predictions of Sachdev and his graduate student, Rhine Samajdar, and on a specific proposal by Ashvin Vishwanah, a Harvard professor of physics, and Ruben Verresen, an HQI postdoctoral fellow. The experiment was done in collaboration with the lab of Markus Griener, co-director of the Max Planck-Harvard Research Center for Quantum Optics and George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics, and scientists from the University of Innsbruck and QuEra Computing in Boston.

?The back-and-forth between theory and experiment is extremely stimulating,? said Verresen. ?It was a beautiful moment when the snapshot of the atoms was taken and the anticipated dimer configuration stared us in the face. It is safe to say that we did not expect our proposal to be realized in a matter of months.?

After confirming the presence of quantum spin liquids, the researchers turned to the possible application of this state of matter to creating the robust qubits. They performed a proof-of-concept test that showed it may one day be possible to create these quantum bits by putting the quantum spin liquids in a special geometrical array using the simulator.

The researchers plan to use the programable quantum simulator to continue to investigate quantum spin liquids and how they can be used to create the more robust qubits. Qubits, after all, are the fundamental building blocks on which quantum computers run and the source of their massive processing power.

?We show the very first steps on how to create this topological qubit, but we still need to demonstrate how you can actually encode it and manipulate it,? Semeghini said. ?There?s now a lot more to explore.?

We want to give thanks to the author of this write-up for this incredible web content

Never-before-seen state of matter: Quantum spin liquids

[date_timestamp] => 1638552427 ) [4] => Array ( [title] => Headwater refuges: Combined effect of drought and fire on stream communities [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/headwater-refuges-combined-effect-of-drought-and-fire-on-stream-communities/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 16:10:12 +0000 [category] => Health And ScienceCombinedcommunitiesdroughtHeadwaterrefugesstream [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5043 [description] => Journal Reference: Scott D. Cooper, Kristie Klose, David B. Herbst, Jason White, S. Matthew Drenner, Erika J. Eliason. Wildfire and drying legacies and stream invertebrate assemblages. Freshwater Science, 2021; 000 DOI: 10.1086/717416 Despite the importance of these waterways, scientists still don?t fully understand how they respond to fires. That?s why a team at UC Santa ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Scott D. Cooper, Kristie Klose, David B. Herbst, Jason White, S. Matthew Drenner, Erika J. Eliason. Wildfire and drying legacies and stream invertebrate assemblages. Freshwater Science, 2021; 000 DOI: 10.1086/717416

Despite the importance of these waterways, scientists still don?t fully understand how they respond to fires. That?s why a team at UC Santa Barbara and the National Forest Service have studied wildfire impacts on streams over the past five years in parts of the Los Padres National Forest. The scientists? new findings appear as the cover story in the December issue of Freshwater Science.

Three major themes emerged from their study: legacy, contingency and change. A landscape?s current condition is a legacy of its history. Additionally, what happens to an ecosystem is contingent on a host of environmental conditions before and after a disturbance. These legacy and contingency effects are playing out against a background of climate change, with ecosystems moving into novel climate and land-use scenarios.

The results of this study also highlighted the significance of stream headwaters as refuges for sensitive aquatic species during fire and drought. After favorable conditions return, fish, amphibians and invertebrates can repopulate suitable downstream areas. This insight reinforced the importance of protecting these areas to ensure the resilience and biodiversity of watersheds as a whole.

A flurry of research activity followed the Zaca Fire in 2007 and Jesusita Fire in 2009. ?That work showed that the riparian zone ? the area of streamside vegetation ? is really important in determining stream responses because if the riparian zone burns, it opens up the canopy,? said lead author Scott Cooper, a research professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology. The added sunshine increases water temperatures and promotes algal growth, which in turn fosters a different community of algae-eating aquatic invertebrates. The reduced vegetation also results in increased runoff, erosion and sediment inputs that can change stream flow patterns, water quality and ultimately the community of animals in the stream.

The team planned to compare stream communities in burned and intact areas to study the legacy impacts of the Zaca Fire 10 years on. Then five years of drought complicated their plans. The drought?s effects were superimposed upon the fire?s effects, Cooper explained, leading to a multi-factor study contrasting perennial and intermittent streams, some of which burned while others didn?t.

?That?s just the nature of fieldwork,? said co-author Kristie Klose, Forest Fisheries Biologist for the Los Padres National Forest. ?Things don?t always work out cleanly.?

The team surveyed 30 streams in Los Padres National Forest and surrounding areas in 2016 ? at the end of a five-year drought ? and again in 2017, after water returned and flows increased. They paid particular attention to the communities of invertebrates living in the creeks. Many of the sites were within, around and downstream from where fires had burned eight to ten years earlier.

In the short term, fires and landslides can increase creek flows because there are fewer plants drawing water from the soils and channels, Cooper explained. Increased flows during storms can scour streams and displace their flora and fauna, reducing their populations. Algae and certain invertebrates can quickly recolonize streams after flows recede, particularly if fire has opened up the riparian canopy. Streams often recover to pre-fire conditions within one to two years, he added, because vegetation quickly re-establishes in Mediterranean climates with their year-round growing seasons.

After 10 years, the team found that most stream communities had recovered from fires. The few that didn?t were species that preferred shaded streams with cool temperatures and abundant leaf litter. ?A wildfire?s effects can be pretty short-lived in areas where the riparian zone doesn?t burn,? Cooper said. ?Those communities usually come back within a year or two.? Impacts last longer where riparian vegetation does burn, and recovery of the stream depends on the recovery of the riparian zone.

Although streams had recovered 10 years after the last fire, the legacy effects of drought were much stronger. The major thing limiting the recovery of vegetation in Mediterranean climates is the availability of water. So droughts can really complicate the picture in ways that are not yet fully understood.

It?s still an open question whether drought hastens or delays an ecosystem?s reaction to fire. Fires often occur during droughts, when fuel is dry and temperatures are high. If these conditions continue, then the lack of water can slow the recovery of plants and delay a stream?s responses to later rain. On the other hand, heavy rains after a fire can cause floods, choke stream beds with sediment and, in extreme cases, lead to debris that remove most of the riparian vegetation. That said, rain can also promote the growth, which stabilizes soils and reduces erosion. ?Over different timeframes, you can get very complicated results because rain can both stimulate plant growth while increasing stream disturbance,? Cooper said.

One thing consistently held true, though: Pools in stream headwaters were critical to the ecosystem?s recovery. ?They?re refuges, through drought and wildfire, for fish and other aquatic animals,? Cooper said. ?This is where sensitive species survive during inclement times, then recolonize downstream reaches when conditions become more amenable.? As a consequence, populations contract and expand through droughts, wildfires and favorable conditions, preventing the disappearance of species from creeks.

For example, the 2007 Zaca Fire burned large parts of the Manzana Creek watershed. ?But its nearby tributaries, Davy Brown and Munch Creeks, did not burn and retained a dense riparian canopy,? Klose said. ?They acted as refuges for endangered Southern California steelhead and protected California red-legged frogs.?

The findings underscore the importance of protecting these vulnerable headwaters. Drought is the new normal for the American West, and water scarcity threatens all of the region?s ecosystems, especially rivers and streams. What?s more, urban and agricultural demand for water is only set to grow, placing further stress on the region?s water supplies. For instance, the U.S. Forest Service issues special use permits for surface water extractions on the land it manages. According to Klose, we?re moving into an era where this may no longer be feasible. ?In my lifetime, we?re seeing streams that were once perennial become more intermittent or even ephemeral,? she said. As streams dry, species that require perennial water, such as the steelhead, may be extirpated unless they have surface water refuges.

Some water extraction in the Los Padres National Forest ceased after the Thomas Fire destroyed infrastructure. ?In those areas, riparian vegetation is burgeoning,? Klose said. This feeds back into a landscape?s susceptibility to fire. Native trees along streams are more resistant to burning due to their high moisture levels. Fires either stop at or jump over these zones depending on topography, Klose explained. And the presence of water ensures that riparian zones recover more quickly if they do burn. Yet another reason to ensure the integrity of headwaters, according to Klose and Cooper.

As the lead aquatic biologist at Los Padres National Forest, Klose manages, conserves and rehabilitates aquatic habitat over two million acres of land. She said collaboration with researchers at UC Santa Barbara makes this possible. Additionally, the national forest hires four to five UCSB students to conduct surveys each summer. ?This partnership also allows me to recruit and teach students hands-on field and lab skills that they can?t effectively learn in the classroom,? she added.

This study just scratches the surface of a multifaceted topic. Wildfires and the ensuing rains or drought vary in extent, timing, intensity, duration and magnitude. This results in a complicated, multi-dimensional matrix of fire and subsequent weather conditions. The researchers have continued monitoring stream responses to different fires and weather patterns, allowing them to fill in some of the combinations in this matrix.

Cooper, who has studied these systems for four decades, summed up the results. ?There are two things I?ve concluded from being an ecologist: ?Everything?s interconnected and everything?s dynamic.?

Research Biologist David Herbst; Staff Research Associate S. Matthew Drenner; and principal investigator, Assistant Professor Erika Eliason (all at UC Santa Barbara) were collaborators on this study, as was Jason White of South Coast Habitat Restoration.

We would like to say thanks to the author of this post for this outstanding web content

Headwater refuges: Combined effect of drought and fire on stream communities

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Scott D. Cooper, Kristie Klose, David B. Herbst, Jason White, S. Matthew Drenner, Erika J. Eliason. Wildfire and drying legacies and stream invertebrate assemblages. Freshwater Science, 2021; 000 DOI: 10.1086/717416 Despite the importance of these waterways, scientists still don?t fully understand how they respond to fires. That?s why a team at UC Santa ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Scott D. Cooper, Kristie Klose, David B. Herbst, Jason White, S. Matthew Drenner, Erika J. Eliason. Wildfire and drying legacies and stream invertebrate assemblages. Freshwater Science, 2021; 000 DOI: 10.1086/717416

Despite the importance of these waterways, scientists still don?t fully understand how they respond to fires. That?s why a team at UC Santa Barbara and the National Forest Service have studied wildfire impacts on streams over the past five years in parts of the Los Padres National Forest. The scientists? new findings appear as the cover story in the December issue of Freshwater Science.

Three major themes emerged from their study: legacy, contingency and change. A landscape?s current condition is a legacy of its history. Additionally, what happens to an ecosystem is contingent on a host of environmental conditions before and after a disturbance. These legacy and contingency effects are playing out against a background of climate change, with ecosystems moving into novel climate and land-use scenarios.

The results of this study also highlighted the significance of stream headwaters as refuges for sensitive aquatic species during fire and drought. After favorable conditions return, fish, amphibians and invertebrates can repopulate suitable downstream areas. This insight reinforced the importance of protecting these areas to ensure the resilience and biodiversity of watersheds as a whole.

A flurry of research activity followed the Zaca Fire in 2007 and Jesusita Fire in 2009. ?That work showed that the riparian zone ? the area of streamside vegetation ? is really important in determining stream responses because if the riparian zone burns, it opens up the canopy,? said lead author Scott Cooper, a research professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology. The added sunshine increases water temperatures and promotes algal growth, which in turn fosters a different community of algae-eating aquatic invertebrates. The reduced vegetation also results in increased runoff, erosion and sediment inputs that can change stream flow patterns, water quality and ultimately the community of animals in the stream.

The team planned to compare stream communities in burned and intact areas to study the legacy impacts of the Zaca Fire 10 years on. Then five years of drought complicated their plans. The drought?s effects were superimposed upon the fire?s effects, Cooper explained, leading to a multi-factor study contrasting perennial and intermittent streams, some of which burned while others didn?t.

?That?s just the nature of fieldwork,? said co-author Kristie Klose, Forest Fisheries Biologist for the Los Padres National Forest. ?Things don?t always work out cleanly.?

The team surveyed 30 streams in Los Padres National Forest and surrounding areas in 2016 ? at the end of a five-year drought ? and again in 2017, after water returned and flows increased. They paid particular attention to the communities of invertebrates living in the creeks. Many of the sites were within, around and downstream from where fires had burned eight to ten years earlier.

In the short term, fires and landslides can increase creek flows because there are fewer plants drawing water from the soils and channels, Cooper explained. Increased flows during storms can scour streams and displace their flora and fauna, reducing their populations. Algae and certain invertebrates can quickly recolonize streams after flows recede, particularly if fire has opened up the riparian canopy. Streams often recover to pre-fire conditions within one to two years, he added, because vegetation quickly re-establishes in Mediterranean climates with their year-round growing seasons.

After 10 years, the team found that most stream communities had recovered from fires. The few that didn?t were species that preferred shaded streams with cool temperatures and abundant leaf litter. ?A wildfire?s effects can be pretty short-lived in areas where the riparian zone doesn?t burn,? Cooper said. ?Those communities usually come back within a year or two.? Impacts last longer where riparian vegetation does burn, and recovery of the stream depends on the recovery of the riparian zone.

Although streams had recovered 10 years after the last fire, the legacy effects of drought were much stronger. The major thing limiting the recovery of vegetation in Mediterranean climates is the availability of water. So droughts can really complicate the picture in ways that are not yet fully understood.

It?s still an open question whether drought hastens or delays an ecosystem?s reaction to fire. Fires often occur during droughts, when fuel is dry and temperatures are high. If these conditions continue, then the lack of water can slow the recovery of plants and delay a stream?s responses to later rain. On the other hand, heavy rains after a fire can cause floods, choke stream beds with sediment and, in extreme cases, lead to debris that remove most of the riparian vegetation. That said, rain can also promote the growth, which stabilizes soils and reduces erosion. ?Over different timeframes, you can get very complicated results because rain can both stimulate plant growth while increasing stream disturbance,? Cooper said.

One thing consistently held true, though: Pools in stream headwaters were critical to the ecosystem?s recovery. ?They?re refuges, through drought and wildfire, for fish and other aquatic animals,? Cooper said. ?This is where sensitive species survive during inclement times, then recolonize downstream reaches when conditions become more amenable.? As a consequence, populations contract and expand through droughts, wildfires and favorable conditions, preventing the disappearance of species from creeks.

For example, the 2007 Zaca Fire burned large parts of the Manzana Creek watershed. ?But its nearby tributaries, Davy Brown and Munch Creeks, did not burn and retained a dense riparian canopy,? Klose said. ?They acted as refuges for endangered Southern California steelhead and protected California red-legged frogs.?

The findings underscore the importance of protecting these vulnerable headwaters. Drought is the new normal for the American West, and water scarcity threatens all of the region?s ecosystems, especially rivers and streams. What?s more, urban and agricultural demand for water is only set to grow, placing further stress on the region?s water supplies. For instance, the U.S. Forest Service issues special use permits for surface water extractions on the land it manages. According to Klose, we?re moving into an era where this may no longer be feasible. ?In my lifetime, we?re seeing streams that were once perennial become more intermittent or even ephemeral,? she said. As streams dry, species that require perennial water, such as the steelhead, may be extirpated unless they have surface water refuges.

Some water extraction in the Los Padres National Forest ceased after the Thomas Fire destroyed infrastructure. ?In those areas, riparian vegetation is burgeoning,? Klose said. This feeds back into a landscape?s susceptibility to fire. Native trees along streams are more resistant to burning due to their high moisture levels. Fires either stop at or jump over these zones depending on topography, Klose explained. And the presence of water ensures that riparian zones recover more quickly if they do burn. Yet another reason to ensure the integrity of headwaters, according to Klose and Cooper.

As the lead aquatic biologist at Los Padres National Forest, Klose manages, conserves and rehabilitates aquatic habitat over two million acres of land. She said collaboration with researchers at UC Santa Barbara makes this possible. Additionally, the national forest hires four to five UCSB students to conduct surveys each summer. ?This partnership also allows me to recruit and teach students hands-on field and lab skills that they can?t effectively learn in the classroom,? she added.

This study just scratches the surface of a multifaceted topic. Wildfires and the ensuing rains or drought vary in extent, timing, intensity, duration and magnitude. This results in a complicated, multi-dimensional matrix of fire and subsequent weather conditions. The researchers have continued monitoring stream responses to different fires and weather patterns, allowing them to fill in some of the combinations in this matrix.

Cooper, who has studied these systems for four decades, summed up the results. ?There are two things I?ve concluded from being an ecologist: ?Everything?s interconnected and everything?s dynamic.?

Research Biologist David Herbst; Staff Research Associate S. Matthew Drenner; and principal investigator, Assistant Professor Erika Eliason (all at UC Santa Barbara) were collaborators on this study, as was Jason White of South Coast Habitat Restoration.

We would like to say thanks to the author of this post for this outstanding web content

Headwater refuges: Combined effect of drought and fire on stream communities

[date_timestamp] => 1638547812 ) [5] => Array ( [title] => Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/novel-immune-cell-population-may-trigger-inflammation-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-other-brain-disorders/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 14:53:12 +0000 [category] => Health And SciencebraincelldisordersimmuneinflammationMultiplepopulationsclerosistrigger [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5038 [description] => Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders ? NovLink Home Mash E Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders We would like to thank the writer of this article for this outstanding material Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>




Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders ? NovLink














We would like to thank the writer of this article for this outstanding material

Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders

) [summary] => Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders ? NovLink Home Mash E Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders We would like to thank the writer of this article for this outstanding material Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in ... Read more [atom_content] =>




Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders ? NovLink














We would like to thank the writer of this article for this outstanding material

Novel immune cell population may trigger inflammation in multiple sclerosis and other brain disorders

[date_timestamp] => 1638543192 ) [6] => Array ( [title] => Sex, Lies and Chadia, on Discovery + we talk about sex (but only between women) [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/sex-lies-and-chadia-on-discovery-we-talk-about-sex-but-only-between-women/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => David Lonit ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 14:24:50 +0000 [category] => ShowsChadiadiscoveryLiessextalkwomen [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5032 [description] => Chadia Rodriguez, the artist born in Spain of Moroccan parents and raised in Turin, arrives on discovery + from December 4th with “SEX, LIES & CHADIA”, an original talk show in 8 episodes written by Giovanni Robertini and Filippo Perfido, with the art direction by Daniele Desperati and directed by Fabrizio Conte, produced by GVNG ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Chadia Rodriguez, the artist born in Spain of Moroccan parents and raised in Turin, arrives on discovery + from December 4th with “SEX, LIES & CHADIA”, an original talk show in 8 episodes written by Giovanni Robertini and Filippo Perfido, with the art direction by Daniele Desperati and directed by Fabrizio Conte, produced by GVNG – HO for Discovery Italia, in which he will have the opportunity to interact with the public by discussing sex.

Beautiful to do it, very important to talk about it. And talk about it in the right way. Without hypocrisy, without filters, without fears. Straight to the point. This is what Chadia will do in this all-female program, a real journey in search of non-trivial answers for an audience of very young and adults: in each episode she will try to dispel doubts and satisfy curiosities through the requests that will come from social. With her: Violeta Benini, a midwife, influencer expert in sexology; her best friends and her traveling companions, including the faithful DJ Tami, who has accompanied her on stage for many years now; Viviana, filmmaker and LGBT + activist with a joke always ready; Maya, nice and sensual curvy girl of South American origins.

We will address different topics, from masturbation to anal sex passing through pornography, and it will be done together with a special guest present in each episode, but above all thanks to the questions received from home. To complete the show, a tutorial in graphic animation and a Booty Call: a call not to be alone late at night, a chat to discover the male point of view on the topic of the episode.

With “Sex, Lies & Chadia” discovery + opens up to a very often taboo theme, which the small screen has always struggled to dissect, and promises to convey awareness to adolescents, often enveloped by doubts, fears and uncertainties, entrusting the program to a face loved by the very young.

?Sex, Lies & Chadia?, produced by GVNG – HO for Discovery Italia, is available exclusively on discovery + only from December 4th. The official hashtag is #sexliesandchadia. On December 10th his new single “All strange” will be released and at the beginning of 2022 the book “Sex, Lies & Chadia” will be released by Baldini + Castoldi.

ALL EPISODES

Ep # 1: Masturbation

To break the ice, Chadia & Friends tackle a very sensitive and personal topic. One of those things that everyone does but nobody talks about. In short, masturbation. And to do it in the best possible way, the rapper from Turin asks for help from a colleague and friend, the singer Federica Carta, with whom she released the single ?Bella as well?. Federica is a very shy girl, but Chadia knows how to get her to unbutton and be told things she has never told anyone before.

Ep # 2: Pleasure

Also to talk about pleasure, Chadia decides to focus on a friend, the very blonde soubrette Elena Morali, who with her sympathy and her anecdotes will help the rapper from Turin and her friends to talk about pleasure in a non-trivial way. Also in this case, the episode is enriched by a special Booty Call with Denis Dosio, influencer who, for once, gets naked and leaves the playboy image outside the door.

Ep # 3: Orgasm

To talk about orgasm, who better to welcome in their home, and on their Latvian, the winning couple of “Love Island Italia”, namely the beautiful (and very nice) Rebeca Di Filippo and above all Wolf, a very blond Italian skipper of Ukrainian origins as well as great expert in tantric sex? Rebeca and Wolf tell the girls how their love on the island was born and above all what their tastes are in terms of sex.

Ep # 4: Porn

When the influencer and now former YouTuber Sofia Viscardi opened her new channel, Venti, Chadia Rodriguez was the first to be interviewed. In this fourth episode, therefore, Chadia has decided to return the favor and invite Sofia to talk about pornography. A direct chat without filters, with many interesting ideas. And to find out how the boys think, Chadia turns to a real star of the genre, the very young hard actor, Max Felicitas.

Ep # 5: Online sex

For many now, sex is mostly online sex. Especially during – and after – the pandemic and the lockdown. But what does online sex mean, after all? So many things, from sexting to sending dick picks to dating apps and so on and so forth. To talk about it, Chadia turns to a colleague with a joke always ready and many stories to tell, the young and extraordinary rapper BigMama with whom she goes beyond stereotypes.

Ep # 6: Shared sex

Sometimes it is done alone, others online, but luckily it is often done in company as well. To quote Chadia, who somehow quotes Raffaella Carrà: in two, three, four or as many as you like. And to talk about shared sex in the right way, this time it is the very young actress Alice Luvisoni, star of “SKAM Italia”, who joins the rapper from Turin and her friends to share stories, experiences, disappointments and doubts, but above all to ask all the right questions to our expert, Violeta Benini.

Ep # 7: Sexual identity and orientation

One of the hot topics of recent years is certainly that of sexual identity. A theme very dear to Chadia and her friends, especially Viviana, LGBT + activist and promoter of the Togayther.it Instagram profile. An issue on which we are still surprisingly behind compared to other countries. In this episode, Chadia & Friends turn to Florencia Di Stefano-Abichain, an influencer and author who has written and talked a lot about this topic. Given the delicate and special theme, for the Booty Call of this episode Chadia decides to reverse the paradigm, chatting with Jessica, a young Bolognese woman who is completing a transition path.

Ep # 8: Anal sex and other taboos

In the last episode of the first series of ?Sex, Lies & Chadia? everything is valid and we talk about anal sex and other taboos. But to talk about taboos, and how to break them, you need a very special guest. This is why Chadia turns to Tea Hacic-Vlahovic: journalist, influencer, former face of Vice Italia and author of the book ?Troie radicali? (Fandango). With Tea you go straight to the Latvian and confess everything, absolutely everything … including the fact that neither Chadia nor the episode guest likes anal sex. Which they share with the male guest of this latest episode, the porn actor Max Felicitas, who on the other hand confesses the place, in some ways disturbing, where he lost his virginity.


Last updated: Friday 3 December 2021, 11:55

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

We want to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this awesome content

Sex, Lies and Chadia, on Discovery + we talk about sex (but only between women)

) [summary] => Chadia Rodriguez, the artist born in Spain of Moroccan parents and raised in Turin, arrives on discovery + from December 4th with “SEX, LIES & CHADIA”, an original talk show in 8 episodes written by Giovanni Robertini and Filippo Perfido, with the art direction by Daniele Desperati and directed by Fabrizio Conte, produced by GVNG ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Chadia Rodriguez, the artist born in Spain of Moroccan parents and raised in Turin, arrives on discovery + from December 4th with “SEX, LIES & CHADIA”, an original talk show in 8 episodes written by Giovanni Robertini and Filippo Perfido, with the art direction by Daniele Desperati and directed by Fabrizio Conte, produced by GVNG – HO for Discovery Italia, in which he will have the opportunity to interact with the public by discussing sex.

Beautiful to do it, very important to talk about it. And talk about it in the right way. Without hypocrisy, without filters, without fears. Straight to the point. This is what Chadia will do in this all-female program, a real journey in search of non-trivial answers for an audience of very young and adults: in each episode she will try to dispel doubts and satisfy curiosities through the requests that will come from social. With her: Violeta Benini, a midwife, influencer expert in sexology; her best friends and her traveling companions, including the faithful DJ Tami, who has accompanied her on stage for many years now; Viviana, filmmaker and LGBT + activist with a joke always ready; Maya, nice and sensual curvy girl of South American origins.

We will address different topics, from masturbation to anal sex passing through pornography, and it will be done together with a special guest present in each episode, but above all thanks to the questions received from home. To complete the show, a tutorial in graphic animation and a Booty Call: a call not to be alone late at night, a chat to discover the male point of view on the topic of the episode.

With “Sex, Lies & Chadia” discovery + opens up to a very often taboo theme, which the small screen has always struggled to dissect, and promises to convey awareness to adolescents, often enveloped by doubts, fears and uncertainties, entrusting the program to a face loved by the very young.

?Sex, Lies & Chadia?, produced by GVNG – HO for Discovery Italia, is available exclusively on discovery + only from December 4th. The official hashtag is #sexliesandchadia. On December 10th his new single “All strange” will be released and at the beginning of 2022 the book “Sex, Lies & Chadia” will be released by Baldini + Castoldi.

ALL EPISODES

Ep # 1: Masturbation

To break the ice, Chadia & Friends tackle a very sensitive and personal topic. One of those things that everyone does but nobody talks about. In short, masturbation. And to do it in the best possible way, the rapper from Turin asks for help from a colleague and friend, the singer Federica Carta, with whom she released the single ?Bella as well?. Federica is a very shy girl, but Chadia knows how to get her to unbutton and be told things she has never told anyone before.

Ep # 2: Pleasure

Also to talk about pleasure, Chadia decides to focus on a friend, the very blonde soubrette Elena Morali, who with her sympathy and her anecdotes will help the rapper from Turin and her friends to talk about pleasure in a non-trivial way. Also in this case, the episode is enriched by a special Booty Call with Denis Dosio, influencer who, for once, gets naked and leaves the playboy image outside the door.

Ep # 3: Orgasm

To talk about orgasm, who better to welcome in their home, and on their Latvian, the winning couple of “Love Island Italia”, namely the beautiful (and very nice) Rebeca Di Filippo and above all Wolf, a very blond Italian skipper of Ukrainian origins as well as great expert in tantric sex? Rebeca and Wolf tell the girls how their love on the island was born and above all what their tastes are in terms of sex.

Ep # 4: Porn

When the influencer and now former YouTuber Sofia Viscardi opened her new channel, Venti, Chadia Rodriguez was the first to be interviewed. In this fourth episode, therefore, Chadia has decided to return the favor and invite Sofia to talk about pornography. A direct chat without filters, with many interesting ideas. And to find out how the boys think, Chadia turns to a real star of the genre, the very young hard actor, Max Felicitas.

Ep # 5: Online sex

For many now, sex is mostly online sex. Especially during – and after – the pandemic and the lockdown. But what does online sex mean, after all? So many things, from sexting to sending dick picks to dating apps and so on and so forth. To talk about it, Chadia turns to a colleague with a joke always ready and many stories to tell, the young and extraordinary rapper BigMama with whom she goes beyond stereotypes.

Ep # 6: Shared sex

Sometimes it is done alone, others online, but luckily it is often done in company as well. To quote Chadia, who somehow quotes Raffaella Carrà: in two, three, four or as many as you like. And to talk about shared sex in the right way, this time it is the very young actress Alice Luvisoni, star of “SKAM Italia”, who joins the rapper from Turin and her friends to share stories, experiences, disappointments and doubts, but above all to ask all the right questions to our expert, Violeta Benini.

Ep # 7: Sexual identity and orientation

One of the hot topics of recent years is certainly that of sexual identity. A theme very dear to Chadia and her friends, especially Viviana, LGBT + activist and promoter of the Togayther.it Instagram profile. An issue on which we are still surprisingly behind compared to other countries. In this episode, Chadia & Friends turn to Florencia Di Stefano-Abichain, an influencer and author who has written and talked a lot about this topic. Given the delicate and special theme, for the Booty Call of this episode Chadia decides to reverse the paradigm, chatting with Jessica, a young Bolognese woman who is completing a transition path.

Ep # 8: Anal sex and other taboos

In the last episode of the first series of ?Sex, Lies & Chadia? everything is valid and we talk about anal sex and other taboos. But to talk about taboos, and how to break them, you need a very special guest. This is why Chadia turns to Tea Hacic-Vlahovic: journalist, influencer, former face of Vice Italia and author of the book ?Troie radicali? (Fandango). With Tea you go straight to the Latvian and confess everything, absolutely everything … including the fact that neither Chadia nor the episode guest likes anal sex. Which they share with the male guest of this latest episode, the porn actor Max Felicitas, who on the other hand confesses the place, in some ways disturbing, where he lost his virginity.


Last updated: Friday 3 December 2021, 11:55

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

We want to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this awesome content

Sex, Lies and Chadia, on Discovery + we talk about sex (but only between women)

[date_timestamp] => 1638541490 ) [7] => Array ( [title] => Jennifer Lopez?s jean shorts perfect to highlight the waist [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/jennifer-lopezs-jean-shorts-perfect-to-highlight-the-waist/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Sally Scully ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 14:23:32 +0000 [category] => CelebrityhighlightJeanJenniferLopezsperfectshortswaist [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5026 [description] => Smash it. Jennifer Lopez it never ceases to amaze us. Shine, she’s in love with Ben Affleck again, she sang in public again and burst the box office after the pandemic, premiered a movie (“Marry Me”) and looks spectacular at 52 in a jumpsuit, bikini or casual. And when we thought we had seen it ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Smash it. Jennifer Lopez it never ceases to amaze us. Shine, she’s in love with Ben Affleck again, she sang in public again and burst the box office after the pandemic, premiered a movie (“Marry Me”) and looks spectacular at 52 in a jumpsuit, bikini or casual. And when we thought we had seen it all in terms of trends, it imposes a new one. Today we will talk about cowboy shorts.

Jennifer Lopez’s short that will be worn all summer

In the realm of palazzos and shorts wide, the diva from the Bronx has her idea of ??what style is, what most represents or favors her, and with it she goes to the front.

We want to thank the author of this write-up for this amazing web content

Jennifer Lopez’s jean shorts perfect to highlight the waist

) [summary] => Smash it. Jennifer Lopez it never ceases to amaze us. Shine, she’s in love with Ben Affleck again, she sang in public again and burst the box office after the pandemic, premiered a movie (“Marry Me”) and looks spectacular at 52 in a jumpsuit, bikini or casual. And when we thought we had seen it ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Smash it. Jennifer Lopez it never ceases to amaze us. Shine, she’s in love with Ben Affleck again, she sang in public again and burst the box office after the pandemic, premiered a movie (“Marry Me”) and looks spectacular at 52 in a jumpsuit, bikini or casual. And when we thought we had seen it all in terms of trends, it imposes a new one. Today we will talk about cowboy shorts.

Jennifer Lopez’s short that will be worn all summer

In the realm of palazzos and shorts wide, the diva from the Bronx has her idea of ??what style is, what most represents or favors her, and with it she goes to the front.

We want to thank the author of this write-up for this amazing web content

Jennifer Lopez’s jean shorts perfect to highlight the waist

[date_timestamp] => 1638541412 ) [8] => Array ( [title] => Baby falls asleep at the breast: what to do? [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/baby-falls-asleep-at-the-breast-what-to-do/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Paula Hooper ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 14:21:00 +0000 [category] => Lifestyleasleepbabybreastfalls [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5020 [description] => Many of you discussed thee forum parents of CPMHK around the theme ?Baby falls asleep at the breast?. The baby’s ability to fall asleep on his own, his need to suck, the worry or serenity of the mother at this special time of breastfeeding, the fear that the baby will become dependent on breastfeeding for ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Many of you discussed thee forum parents of CPMHK around the theme ?Baby falls asleep at the breast?.

The baby’s ability to fall asleep on his own, his need to suck, the worry or serenity of the mother at this special time of breastfeeding, the fear that the baby will become dependent on breastfeeding for falling asleep, daddy’s need to find his place, what we consider to be normal or not? So many understandable questions that have fueled the debates in this discussion thread. Because a baby who falls asleep at the breast, what could be more normal? However, it can also have some drawbacks if suddenly they cannot get enough food, or if this is the only way to put them to sleep. My friend Caroline, mother of two children aged 10 and 7, offers us some tips and thoughts on breastfeeding and baby sleep …

My son only falls asleep at the breast, is that normal Doctor?

Personally, I loved breastfeeding my two children. It lasted about 6 months for each. For Noah, the eldest, I admit that I never managed to find the way to put him to sleep other than to the breast. For us, the program was co-sleeping, arms and baby carrier. I was breastfeeding him when he woke up in the night, propping me up on the nursing pillow, because I was so tired that I would fall asleep again so dry, baby at the breast …

Suffice to say that when our Loulou joined the crèche, it was very complicated for the childminders! With gentleness and patience, they taught our son to fall asleep alone in a bed …

As long as it suits us and we feel fulfilled in this report and in this relationship, there is not necessarily a question to ask. The problem sometimes comes from those around him who want to give us advice to ?free? us, or from the spouse and dad who does not necessarily find his place in this relationship, who would like to find his partner. Or the systematic falling asleep of the baby at the breast can also become a burden for the parents, whose development is as important as that of the child, especially as the first impacts the second.

Find a balance that respects everyone

If the systematic falling asleep of the baby at the breast becomes a burden for the family, if Loulou has to leave the maternal bosom to be looked after by a third party, a childminder or a nursery, systematically putting the baby to sleep and only at the breast can become more problematic. At first, we can change this proximity to carrying in the arms or in a baby carrier. But the best is to give baby the keys to fall asleep without breastfeeding.

Baby falls asleep at the breast: some tips to keep him awake

The first thing to do when a baby starts to doze off while breastfeeding is to try to stimulate to prevent him from slipping slowly into sleep, warm in the hollow of his mother’s arms. So we can try to pour a few drops of milk into her mouth, gently squeezing the breast.

We can also try to wake him up by talking to him softly, or possibly by tickling or gently stroking the soles of the feet, chin or cheek …

Sometimes it can also happen that the milk flows more slowly during a feed, especially in the first few months, it can help to gently squeeze the breast to stimulate milk flow.

How to fall asleep without breastfeeding?

When baby dozes off instead of breastfeeding, when baby does not calm down or fall asleep except by breastfeeding, it can be a kind of addiction that can put mother and family in difficulty. It is therefore important to succeed in distinguishing the calm and awake phases conducive to the meal, and the signs that the baby is starting to tire. Because a tired baby is a baby who groans, cries, rubs his nose or ears, gets angry more easily and the proximity of the maternal arms is also a good remedy to calm himself down? Except that he does not It is not necessarily cries of hunger, but cries of fatigue! By learning to spot sleep cycles and baby rhythm, we can better understand the messages and try other approaches than breastfeeding. (OK, it is not that simple, because it is without counting the peaks of growth, the summer heat which makes you thirsty and many exceptions still ?).

In another register, to go further and manage the first years with baby with more serenity, we have concocted the “Special baby PACK” with all our advice to manage the first separations, anger, prohibitions, etc. ! To receive it (free of charge of course), leave us your email below and we will send it to you immediately. A few less crying and stress, it feels good. ?

Create a bedtime ritual that doesn’t necessarily mean breastfeeding

And yes, we know, when baby has trouble sleeping, we come back often to bedtime ritual. Often put forward to create a moment of calm and serenity with our child, this privileged routine can allow him to let go and slide smoothly into sleep. Subdued light, song, nightlight, hug or story, etc., each family and each child has its own ritual. The idea is that little by little, baby transfers the trust he has in the arms of his mother or his parents, to find it again in his resting space. In this, the transitional object such as the blanket or ninin, is also recommended, in particular if some sunsets are outside the home, at the nursery or nanny’s for example.

Occasionally, when you have read everything and you feel like you have tried everything and the baby still only falls asleep at the breast, a little help from the outside may be welcome! It is because Charlotte also encountered difficulties with her son that she created coaching. ?He’s finally sleeping? (and so are we!)?. A last-ditch solution for many parents where you are accompanied step by step by a super psychologist & specialized coach. (But you don’t have to be at the end of the line to take a look and consider full nights! We are so much more patient when we have had a good sleep! ?

Baby has a strong need for sucking, how to meet it?

For my son, one thing is certain, it is that he had a strong need for suction and that he did not want a pacifier or even a bottle!

Of course, some children need to breastfeed more than others. Certainly, mom’s arms build emotional security and a strong bond of attachment that is paramount for the future, however, mom’s nipple does not necessarily have to become an object of reassurance. If the medical authorities recommend not to introduce too early (before the first three months) the pacifier when a child is breastfed to avoid confusion of the breast-bottle-pacifier, many parents testify, however, that the nipple perhaps a practical solution. And sometimes, children find the thumb as early as 4 to 5 weeks!

So, you will have understood it, falling asleep on the breast is far from rare and it is not necessarily a problem, if it is not for parents. And if it gets heavy or less fluid, trust your toddler to find the route and don’t hesitate to put in place rituals to change the routine. Of course, to take this step, it is sometimes more complicated for the mother to put it in place, because we always have this ?spare wheel? which means that we risk cracking and giving a breastfeed, just for this. times (I know what I’m talking about ?). So now is the perfect time to take out the TEAM card and let daddy do it … And above all, do not hesitate to request a help before it becomes too significant!

We would like to give thanks to the author of this article for this remarkable material

Baby falls asleep at the breast: what to do?

) [summary] => Many of you discussed thee forum parents of CPMHK around the theme ?Baby falls asleep at the breast?. The baby’s ability to fall asleep on his own, his need to suck, the worry or serenity of the mother at this special time of breastfeeding, the fear that the baby will become dependent on breastfeeding for ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Many of you discussed thee forum parents of CPMHK around the theme ?Baby falls asleep at the breast?.

The baby’s ability to fall asleep on his own, his need to suck, the worry or serenity of the mother at this special time of breastfeeding, the fear that the baby will become dependent on breastfeeding for falling asleep, daddy’s need to find his place, what we consider to be normal or not? So many understandable questions that have fueled the debates in this discussion thread. Because a baby who falls asleep at the breast, what could be more normal? However, it can also have some drawbacks if suddenly they cannot get enough food, or if this is the only way to put them to sleep. My friend Caroline, mother of two children aged 10 and 7, offers us some tips and thoughts on breastfeeding and baby sleep …

My son only falls asleep at the breast, is that normal Doctor?

Personally, I loved breastfeeding my two children. It lasted about 6 months for each. For Noah, the eldest, I admit that I never managed to find the way to put him to sleep other than to the breast. For us, the program was co-sleeping, arms and baby carrier. I was breastfeeding him when he woke up in the night, propping me up on the nursing pillow, because I was so tired that I would fall asleep again so dry, baby at the breast …

Suffice to say that when our Loulou joined the crèche, it was very complicated for the childminders! With gentleness and patience, they taught our son to fall asleep alone in a bed …

As long as it suits us and we feel fulfilled in this report and in this relationship, there is not necessarily a question to ask. The problem sometimes comes from those around him who want to give us advice to ?free? us, or from the spouse and dad who does not necessarily find his place in this relationship, who would like to find his partner. Or the systematic falling asleep of the baby at the breast can also become a burden for the parents, whose development is as important as that of the child, especially as the first impacts the second.

Find a balance that respects everyone

If the systematic falling asleep of the baby at the breast becomes a burden for the family, if Loulou has to leave the maternal bosom to be looked after by a third party, a childminder or a nursery, systematically putting the baby to sleep and only at the breast can become more problematic. At first, we can change this proximity to carrying in the arms or in a baby carrier. But the best is to give baby the keys to fall asleep without breastfeeding.

Baby falls asleep at the breast: some tips to keep him awake

The first thing to do when a baby starts to doze off while breastfeeding is to try to stimulate to prevent him from slipping slowly into sleep, warm in the hollow of his mother’s arms. So we can try to pour a few drops of milk into her mouth, gently squeezing the breast.

We can also try to wake him up by talking to him softly, or possibly by tickling or gently stroking the soles of the feet, chin or cheek …

Sometimes it can also happen that the milk flows more slowly during a feed, especially in the first few months, it can help to gently squeeze the breast to stimulate milk flow.

How to fall asleep without breastfeeding?

When baby dozes off instead of breastfeeding, when baby does not calm down or fall asleep except by breastfeeding, it can be a kind of addiction that can put mother and family in difficulty. It is therefore important to succeed in distinguishing the calm and awake phases conducive to the meal, and the signs that the baby is starting to tire. Because a tired baby is a baby who groans, cries, rubs his nose or ears, gets angry more easily and the proximity of the maternal arms is also a good remedy to calm himself down? Except that he does not It is not necessarily cries of hunger, but cries of fatigue! By learning to spot sleep cycles and baby rhythm, we can better understand the messages and try other approaches than breastfeeding. (OK, it is not that simple, because it is without counting the peaks of growth, the summer heat which makes you thirsty and many exceptions still ?).

In another register, to go further and manage the first years with baby with more serenity, we have concocted the “Special baby PACK” with all our advice to manage the first separations, anger, prohibitions, etc. ! To receive it (free of charge of course), leave us your email below and we will send it to you immediately. A few less crying and stress, it feels good. ?

Create a bedtime ritual that doesn’t necessarily mean breastfeeding

And yes, we know, when baby has trouble sleeping, we come back often to bedtime ritual. Often put forward to create a moment of calm and serenity with our child, this privileged routine can allow him to let go and slide smoothly into sleep. Subdued light, song, nightlight, hug or story, etc., each family and each child has its own ritual. The idea is that little by little, baby transfers the trust he has in the arms of his mother or his parents, to find it again in his resting space. In this, the transitional object such as the blanket or ninin, is also recommended, in particular if some sunsets are outside the home, at the nursery or nanny’s for example.

Occasionally, when you have read everything and you feel like you have tried everything and the baby still only falls asleep at the breast, a little help from the outside may be welcome! It is because Charlotte also encountered difficulties with her son that she created coaching. ?He’s finally sleeping? (and so are we!)?. A last-ditch solution for many parents where you are accompanied step by step by a super psychologist & specialized coach. (But you don’t have to be at the end of the line to take a look and consider full nights! We are so much more patient when we have had a good sleep! ?

Baby has a strong need for sucking, how to meet it?

For my son, one thing is certain, it is that he had a strong need for suction and that he did not want a pacifier or even a bottle!

Of course, some children need to breastfeed more than others. Certainly, mom’s arms build emotional security and a strong bond of attachment that is paramount for the future, however, mom’s nipple does not necessarily have to become an object of reassurance. If the medical authorities recommend not to introduce too early (before the first three months) the pacifier when a child is breastfed to avoid confusion of the breast-bottle-pacifier, many parents testify, however, that the nipple perhaps a practical solution. And sometimes, children find the thumb as early as 4 to 5 weeks!

So, you will have understood it, falling asleep on the breast is far from rare and it is not necessarily a problem, if it is not for parents. And if it gets heavy or less fluid, trust your toddler to find the route and don’t hesitate to put in place rituals to change the routine. Of course, to take this step, it is sometimes more complicated for the mother to put it in place, because we always have this ?spare wheel? which means that we risk cracking and giving a breastfeed, just for this. times (I know what I’m talking about ?). So now is the perfect time to take out the TEAM card and let daddy do it … And above all, do not hesitate to request a help before it becomes too significant!

We would like to give thanks to the author of this article for this remarkable material

Baby falls asleep at the breast: what to do?

[date_timestamp] => 1638541260 ) [9] => Array ( [title] => High-speed holography of cells spots physical beacons of disease [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/high-speed-holography-of-cells-spots-physical-beacons-of-disease/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 13:36:06 +0000 [category] => Health And SciencebeaconscellsdiseaseHighspeedholographyPhysicalspots [guid] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org/?p=5015 [description] => Journal Reference: Cindy X. Chen, Han Sang Park, Hillel Price, Adam Wax. Automated Classification of Breast Cancer Cells Using High-Throughput Holographic Cytometry. Frontiers in Physics, 2021; 9 DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2021.759142 In the proof-of-concept demonstration, the technique distinguished between healthy samples and either cancerous or carcinogen-exposed, pre-cancerous cells with nearly 100% accuracy, using just four basic cellular ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Cindy X. Chen, Han Sang Park, Hillel Price, Adam Wax. Automated Classification of Breast Cancer Cells Using High-Throughput Holographic Cytometry. Frontiers in Physics, 2021; 9 DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2021.759142

In the proof-of-concept demonstration, the technique distinguished between healthy samples and either cancerous or carcinogen-exposed, pre-cancerous cells with nearly 100% accuracy, using just four basic cellular physical parameters out of a holographic panel of 25. The results point toward a promising screening or diagnostic technology that is simpler and cheaper to use than current standard practices, making it a potential target for use in remote, low-resource settings.

The research appears online on November 30 in the journal Frontiers in Physics.

?The cells are flying through the scanner so fast that if the computer didn?t slow them down on the screen, you wouldn?t even be able to see them,? said Adam Wax, professor of biomedical engineering at Duke. ?We were very excited to be able to image this many cells at once because it points toward this technology?s potential for point-of-care diagnostics.?

In a traditional cellular diagnostic process, cells obtained from tissue scraping or fine needle biopsies are put on a slide and stained for a trained physician to carefully magnify and inspect. But in some cases, the staining process can damage the cells, and getting the slides to the eyes of trained experts can take days if not weeks.

In the new holographic imaging approach, sample cells could be rinsed off of the collection instrument into a biocompatible solution and inserted into a microfluidic chip. The small device diverts the sample into a series of parallel channels that pass beneath a line camera, kind of like a conveyor belt passing newly manufactured items beneath an autonomous scanner for inspection. When slowed down, the march of cell images is reminiscent of green characters cascading down a computer screen in The Matrix.

As the cells fly by, the device automatically picks out whole cells and shines a light through them. Based on the difference in time it takes for the light to return from its journey and an unimpeded reference beam, the camera can determine the topography of each cell and calculate features such as its shape and height. While these may sound like simple measurements, when they are combined with tens of thousands of data points and advanced deep learning techniques, they can become beacons for spotting disease.

?It takes about 30 seconds to process a 1 milliliter sample that could contain more than a half-million cells,? said Cindy Chen, a doctoral student working in Wax?s lab and first author of the paper. ?And once it?s finished, a pathologist could pull up individual data for any of the cells that were imaged for closer inspection.?

To demonstrate the potential of this approach, Wax and Chen used it to image a combined 8500 cells from three different cell lines ? healthy breast cells, cancerous breast cells and pre-cancerous breast cells that had been exposed to cadmium, a known potent carcinogen. While the technology captures 25 separate physical characteristics of the cells, the researchers discovered that in this case, only four were necessary for differentiating the three types.

Using a machine learning algorithm, the device was able to successfully categorize each cell with 98% to 99% accuracy using just the 2D area it occupies, the 3D space it takes up, its shape and its average height.

?This is a simple, label-free imaging technique that is getting data similar to that of flow cytometry, which looks at cells one at a time and typically requires fluorescent markers to be introduced,? said Chen. ?The idea is that, by having this wealth of quantitative data, you can separate the cells better than if you were using one single metric.?

?We?re now trying to figure out how to put this technology at the point-of-care to figure out if people have been exposed to these carcinogens in the developing world, like maybe arsenic in the ground water,? added Wax. ?For example, you might brush some cells off of the top of someone?s mouth to see if they?re being exposed to carcinogens in their drinking water.?

This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health (1R21ES029791).

We would like to thank the author of this short article for this incredible material

High-speed holography of cells spots physical beacons of disease

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Cindy X. Chen, Han Sang Park, Hillel Price, Adam Wax. Automated Classification of Breast Cancer Cells Using High-Throughput Holographic Cytometry. Frontiers in Physics, 2021; 9 DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2021.759142 In the proof-of-concept demonstration, the technique distinguished between healthy samples and either cancerous or carcinogen-exposed, pre-cancerous cells with nearly 100% accuracy, using just four basic cellular ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Cindy X. Chen, Han Sang Park, Hillel Price, Adam Wax. Automated Classification of Breast Cancer Cells Using High-Throughput Holographic Cytometry. Frontiers in Physics, 2021; 9 DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2021.759142

In the proof-of-concept demonstration, the technique distinguished between healthy samples and either cancerous or carcinogen-exposed, pre-cancerous cells with nearly 100% accuracy, using just four basic cellular physical parameters out of a holographic panel of 25. The results point toward a promising screening or diagnostic technology that is simpler and cheaper to use than current standard practices, making it a potential target for use in remote, low-resource settings.

The research appears online on November 30 in the journal Frontiers in Physics.

?The cells are flying through the scanner so fast that if the computer didn?t slow them down on the screen, you wouldn?t even be able to see them,? said Adam Wax, professor of biomedical engineering at Duke. ?We were very excited to be able to image this many cells at once because it points toward this technology?s potential for point-of-care diagnostics.?

In a traditional cellular diagnostic process, cells obtained from tissue scraping or fine needle biopsies are put on a slide and stained for a trained physician to carefully magnify and inspect. But in some cases, the staining process can damage the cells, and getting the slides to the eyes of trained experts can take days if not weeks.

In the new holographic imaging approach, sample cells could be rinsed off of the collection instrument into a biocompatible solution and inserted into a microfluidic chip. The small device diverts the sample into a series of parallel channels that pass beneath a line camera, kind of like a conveyor belt passing newly manufactured items beneath an autonomous scanner for inspection. When slowed down, the march of cell images is reminiscent of green characters cascading down a computer screen in The Matrix.

As the cells fly by, the device automatically picks out whole cells and shines a light through them. Based on the difference in time it takes for the light to return from its journey and an unimpeded reference beam, the camera can determine the topography of each cell and calculate features such as its shape and height. While these may sound like simple measurements, when they are combined with tens of thousands of data points and advanced deep learning techniques, they can become beacons for spotting disease.

?It takes about 30 seconds to process a 1 milliliter sample that could contain more than a half-million cells,? said Cindy Chen, a doctoral student working in Wax?s lab and first author of the paper. ?And once it?s finished, a pathologist could pull up individual data for any of the cells that were imaged for closer inspection.?

To demonstrate the potential of this approach, Wax and Chen used it to image a combined 8500 cells from three different cell lines ? healthy breast cells, cancerous breast cells and pre-cancerous breast cells that had been exposed to cadmium, a known potent carcinogen. While the technology captures 25 separate physical characteristics of the cells, the researchers discovered that in this case, only four were necessary for differentiating the three types.

Using a machine learning algorithm, the device was able to successfully categorize each cell with 98% to 99% accuracy using just the 2D area it occupies, the 3D space it takes up, its shape and its average height.

?This is a simple, label-free imaging technique that is getting data similar to that of flow cytometry, which looks at cells one at a time and typically requires fluorescent markers to be introduced,? said Chen. ?The idea is that, by having this wealth of quantitative data, you can separate the cells better than if you were using one single metric.?

?We?re now trying to figure out how to put this technology at the point-of-care to figure out if people have been exposed to these carcinogens in the developing world, like maybe arsenic in the ground water,? added Wax. ?For example, you might brush some cells off of the top of someone?s mouth to see if they?re being exposed to carcinogens in their drinking water.?

This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health (1R21ES029791).

We would like to thank the author of this short article for this incredible material

High-speed holography of cells spots physical beacons of disease

[date_timestamp] => 1638538566 ) ) [channel] => Array ( [title] => Wikileaksisdemocracy [link] => https://wikileaksisdemocracy.org [lastbuilddate] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 18:44:19 +0000 [language] => en-US [sy] => Array ( [updateperiod] => hourly [updatefrequency] => 1 ) [generator] => https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8.2 [tagline] => ) [textinput] => Array ( ) [image] => Array ( ) [feed_type] => RSS [feed_version] => 2.0 [encoding] => ISO-8859-1 [_source_encoding] => [ERROR] => [WARNING] => [_CONTENT_CONSTRUCTS] => Array ( [0] => content [1] => summary [2] => info [3] => title [4] => tagline [5] => copyright ) [_KNOWN_ENCODINGS] => Array ( [0] => UTF-8 [1] => US-ASCII [2] => ISO-8859-1 ) [stack] => Array ( ) [inchannel] => [initem] => [incontent] => [intextinput] => [inimage] => [current_namespace] => [last_modified] => Fri, 03 Dec 2021 19:30:10 GMT [etag] => ZbkAD56hNI7cQ4gzsLr9Si6KF/A )